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forex new tips By Cem Behar Combining the shiny and colourful aspect of a micro-history with a much broader ancient standpoint, this groundbreaking examine appears on the city and social heritage of a small local group (a mahalle) of Ottoman Istanbul, the Kasap Iùlyas. Drawing on really wealthy historic documentation beginning within the early 16th century, Cem Behar specializes in how the Kasap Iùlyas mahalle got here to reflect the various overarching problems with the capital urban of the Ottoman Empire. additionally thought of are different matters valuable to the historiography of towns, reminiscent of rural migration and concrete integration of migrants, together with avenues for pro integration and the cohesion networks migrants shaped, and the function of old guilds and non-guild hard work, the ancestor of the "informal" or "marginal" quarter came upon at the present time in much less constructed international locations.

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The Wharf Among these ontological markers of Kasap ƒlyas, the Davud Paœa wharf is of special importance. This wharf, which probably preexisted the mahalle, was far from being essential to the general port activities of a large city like Istanbul. The most important wharfs were always, in Byzantine as in Ottoman times, located along the coast of the Golden Horn, which was a magnificent natural harbor. To these were brought most of the goods im- Cem Behar 37 ported to the city and the main wharfs used for passenger transportation were also situated along the coast of this harbor.

Compared with the other intramural Istanbul mahalles, Kasap ƒlyas has never been a small neighborhood. 15 Kasap ƒlyas, toward the end of the nineteenth century, had a total area of no less than six hectares. Only a little more than half that area was effectively inhabited, though, and the Davud Paœa vegetable gardens took up the rest. The streets of Istanbul received official names only in the 1860s. The people of Istanbul gave names to the more important streets before the nineteenth century, but nothing points to the existence of street names as early as the sixteenth century.

A patent example of the distinction between house and residential unit is given by a deed of trust established in the Kasap ƒlyas mahalle and dated December 1526. 31 The assumption that most of these houses must have contained a single living space is also supported by the abundance of outhouses and annexes attached to each of them. The roofed single space was functioning both as a living room and as a bedroom, because most of the other domestic chores and functions were banished to these outhouses and extensions.

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